Windows 8 is the latest offering from Microsoft and has reinvented itself as an operating system for both tablet and PC users. While touchscreen users can take advantage of the many navigational rewrites e.g. the Charms Menu, Metro UI with tiles, and swipes, Microsoft has also done their part to ensure that users who prefer getting around with the keyboard would not be left out.To cater to this group, Microsoft has integrated new keyboard shortcuts to let them navigate through the reconstructed OS faster and easier. And as much fun as touchscreens can be, sometimes you can do more with keyboard shortcuts than you can with swipes. Besides, if you are part of the keyboard generation, shortcuts just come more naturally anyways.
Read on for 50 keyboard shortcuts that you’d probably find yourself using on Windows 8, when out of swipe mode.
Shortcut Description        
Windows Key + D Show Desktop
Windows Key + C Open Charms Menu
Windows Key + F Charms Menu – Search
Windows Key + H Charms Menu – Share
Windows Key + K Charms Menu – Devices
Windows Key + I Charms Menu – Settings
Windows Key + Q Search For Installed Apps
Windows Key + W Search Settings
Windows Key + Tab Cycle through open Modern UI Apps
Windows Key + Shift + Tab Cycle through open Modern UI Apps in reverse order
Windows Key + . Snaps app to the right (split screen multitasking)
Windows Key + Shift + . Snaps app to the left (split screen multitasking)
Windows Key + , Temporarily view desktop
Alt + F4 Quit Modern UI Apps
Windows Key + E Launch Windows Explorer Window
Windows Key + L Lock PC and go to lock screen
Windows Key + C Cycle through icons on taskbar (press Enter to launch app)
Windows Key + X Show Advanced Windows Settings Menu
Windows Key + E Launch Windows Explorer Window
Windows Key + Page Down Moves Start screen and apps to secondary monitor on the right
Windows Key + M Minimize all Windows
Windows Key + Shift + M Restore all minimized Windows
Windows Key + R Open Run dialog box
Windows Key + Up Arrow Maximize current window
Windows Key + Down Arrow Minimize current window
Windows Key + Left Arrow Maximize current window to left side of the screen
Windows Key + Right Arrow Maximize current window to right side of the screen
Ctrl + Shift + Escape Open Task Manager
Windows Key + Print Screen Takes a Print Screen and saves it to your Pictures folder
Windows Key + Page Up Moves Start screen and apps to secondary monitor on the left
Windows Key + Pause Break Display System Properties
Shift + Delete Permanently delete files without sending it to Recycle Bin
Windows Key + F1 Open Windows Help and Support
Windows Key + V Cycle through notifications
Windows Key + Shift + V Cycle through notifications in reverse order
Windows Key + 0 to 9 Launch/show app pinned to taskbar at indicated number
Windows Key + Shift + 0 to 9 Launch new instance of app pinned to taskbar at indicated number
Alt + Enter Display Properties of selected item in File Explorer
Alt + Up Arrow View upper level folder of current folder in File Explorer
Alt + Right Arrow View next folder in File Explorer
Alt + Left Arrow View previous folder in File Explorer
Windows Key + P Choose secondary display modes
Windows Key + U Open Ease of Access Center
Alt + Print Screen Print Screen focused Window only
Windows Key + Spacebar Switch input language and keyboard layout
Windows Key + Shift + Spacebar Switch to previous input language and keyboard layout
Windows Key + Enter Open Narrator
Windows Key + + Zoom in using Magnifier
Windows Key + - Zoom out using Magnifier
Windows Key + Escape Exit Magnifier
There has always been an on-going debate on the differences between a leader and a manager. Many have asserted that leaders have followers, while managers have subordinates. Reading numerous articles on management and leadership styles had revealed to me several core differences between the two which would have probably resulted in such a portrayal.That said, I’ve come to believe that such differences exist on a continuum, where on one extreme you can be a great manager and on the other extreme, you can be considered a true blue leader.Most of us will fall somewhere in the middle as both manager and leader, depending on the circumstances we face. So how can you tell if you are manager material or born to lead? Here are 8 core differences that can help you decide.

1. Visionary Vs. Task-Oriented

Leaders are more concerned about the direction or the overall strategy of the organization and then giving their followers the freedom to plan the details and meet goals and objectives. Managers, on the other hand, handle immediate tasks or hit short-term goals.
It may be appropriate to say that leaders think big while managers are more task-oriented. Having a vision for the organization is of utmost importance to leaders while managers dwell on how to execute said vision.

2. Transformational Vs. Transactional

Managers adopt a solely transactional approach to subordinates. This means that managers seek for their services in exchange for a paycheck. This is not the same for leaders, who actually go beyond such transactional needs to satisfy higher levels of needs for their followers, such as the need to find meaning in their work.
This appeals to followers, being transformational in the sense that these employees are not working for themselves; they are working for the team or the organization that goes beyond self-interest.

3. Elected Vs. Hired

Titles and authority are granted to managers so that they have the necessary power to make people do as they say. Leaders are, however, elected by the people who choose to follow them rather than being made or paid to do so. Respect is not guaranteed for managers but it is already earned by leaders.
With that, leaders are thus more influential because they have followers who do what they say out of respect. Managers get their subordinates to follow their orders out of authority. Naturally, employees will be happier doing what the leaders want rather than the managers say.

4. Servant Vs. Self-serving

A leader serves his or her followers rather than use them to serve him or her. In other words, leaders fight for their followers and put the group’s needs beyond their own. Managers (well, some of them) put blame on their subordinates when things go wrong and take credit when things are right.
After all, a manager’s role is to manage subordinates in order to attain certain managerial objectives. This is not the case for leaders because they value their followers and seek to serve the entire group.

5. Character-Building Vs. Skill-Building

Since managers are task-oriented and aim to hit short-term goals, their philosophy of training for their subordinates tends to be skill-based. If a certain skill or knowledge is required to complete a task, then a manager will simply acquire a worker with the required skills to perform the job.
Leaders are not just looking into what is in front of them; they seek out the potential – what they can do in the future rather than what they can already do now – in people. Therefore, their training philosophy emphasizes on character-building.

6. Trust Vs. Control

Leaders think ahead, then set directions for the group. They place their trust on their followers to make whatever plans necessary to move forward towards that direction. The element of trust associated with leaders empowers followers to freely make their decisions on day-to-day matters.Managers, on the other hand, think only on how to get the tasks done in the most efficient manner, so there is a need for them to set the instructions as detailed as possible for the subordinates to adhere to. They seek control over subordinates to ensure optimal results.

7. Seeking Possibilities Vs. Avoiding Risks

Working within a scope of tasks and goals can bring rigidity to managers because there is little flexibility involved. This systematic approach to management in order to complete assigned tasks can render managers averse to risks.
On the contrary, leaders do not confine themselves to short-term goals or “firefighting”. Hence they are open to new ideas, and will seek possibilities for the team and the organization as a whole. Instead of using old and tested methods like managers do, leaders are always looking for new ways of doing things.

8. Growth Vs. Sustenance

Leaders, with their visionary approach, tend to lay their eyes on growth rather than sustenance for the organization and the people. Managers are more interested in getting their job done, so there is little or no emphasis on growth.
As a result, it’s the leaders who are the ones to initiate changes; good managers only adapt to changes. This also applies to people management, where leaders groom followers for the long-term while managers inadvertently constrain subordinates to be trained with only what is necessary for the job.


Although this article seems to cast managers in a bad light and glorify the role of a leader, my personal opinion is that a leader needs to be a good manager to be effective as well. After all, what are dreams and visions without proper planning and, more importantly, action.

1.We're not as perverted as u think we all r
2. No mattr what u say, ur ex-boyfriend is a loser.
3.We like u to give us hugs n kisses sometimes too.
4.Don't argue with us whn we call u beautiful.

5.Don't treat us like crap, what goes around comes around.

6. We noe u're pretty, that's one of the reasons we're going out with u.

7. Don't go into detail abt ur period, it scares us.

8. If u hv cramps n we ask u what's wrong, jst tell us it's that time of the month n nothing more.

9. If u really liked us for us, u wud let us think that our mustache, beard, or sideburns looked cool.

10. Never ask us if u can put makeup on's jst wrong.

12. don't make bets abt us, bcoz one of ur friends will tell us, if u don't.

13. when we tell u that u're not fat, believe us.

14. We may not be able to pee accurately all of the time, but at least we cn stand up n go pee.

15. Just coz u think u're always right, doesn't mean that u don't hv to apologize whn u do something "wrong."

16. You expect us to say n do sweet things for u, but it wud be nice if u did the same evry once in a while. we like to noe that u love us.

17. We can't always be spontaneous, so try to help us make the plans sometimes.

18. Don't ask us to beat up anothr guy for u, coz u might get what u wish for.

19. Never kick us in the nuts "just to see wht we wud say". that's just mean.

20. Never pretend like u r going to break up with us n laugh whn we believe u.

21. size doesn't mattr, except to idiots who don't wnt a relationship.

22. if u wnt us to put the seat down whn we're done u shud put it up whn u're done.

23. Don't tell us how cute ur ex-boyfriend was...that doesn't turn us on.

24. and remember: the way to a guys heart is through his stomach.. n maybe..oh nvr mind.

25. Never ask us to kiss othr guys...u might be that comfy with ur friends, but to us it's jst wrong.

26. we always notice how funny it is After ur rip out our heart, stick it down our throat n still wnt to be friends.

27. and last but not least: we noe u're not always right, but we'll pretend like u r anyway.



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Husband comes home drunk and breaks some crockery,
vomits and falls down on the floor...
Wife pulls him up and cleans everything.

Next day when he gets up he expects her to be really angry with him....
He prays that they should not have a
He finds a note near the table...

"Honey..your favorite breakfast is ready on the table,
i had to leave early to buy groceries...
i'll come running back to you, my love.
I love you. ...

He gets surprised and asks his son..,
'what happened last night..?

Son said...,"

when mom pulled you to bed and tried
removing your boots and shirt..
you were dead drunk and you said......

" Hey Lady ! Leave Me Alone...
I AM Married !!!

A water bearer in China had two large pots, each hung on the ends of a pole which he carried across his neck. One of the pots had a crack in it, while the other pot was perfect and always delivered a full portion of water. At the end of the long walk from the stream to the House, the cracked pot arrived only half full. For a full two years this went on daily, with the bearer delivering only one and a half pots full of water to his house.
Of course, the perfect pot was proud of its accomplishments, Perfect for which it was made. But the poor cracked pot was ashamed of its own imperfection. And miserable that it was able to accomplish only half of what it had been made to do.

After two years of what it perceived to be a bitter failure, it spoke to the water bearer one day by the stream. "I am ashamed of myself, and I want to apologize to you. I have been able to deliver only half my load because this crack in my side causes water to leak out all the way back to your house. Because of my Flaws, you have to do all of this work, and you don't get full value from your efforts," the pot said.  

The bearer said to the pot, "Did you notice that there were flowers only on your side of the path, but not on the other pot's side? That's because I have always known about your flaw. So I planted flower seeds on your side of the path, and every day while we walk back, you've watered them. For two years I have been able to pick these beautiful flowers to decorate the table. Without you being just the way you are, there would not be this beauty to grace the house?

Moral of the story:

Each of us has our own unique flaws. We're all cracked pots. But it's the cracks and flaws we each have that make our lives together so very interesting and rewarding. You've just got to take each person for what they are, and look for the good in them. Blessed are the flexible, for they shall not be bent out of shape.
Remember to appreciate all the different people in your life.  Don't forget to send this mail to all worthy people. 

The world's oldest father has done it again, fathering a child for at least the 21st time, at the age of 90.
Indian farmer Nanu Ram Jogi, who is married to his fourth wife, boasts he does not want to stop, and plans to continue producing children until he is 100.
Mr Jogi admits he is not certain how many children his series of four wives have borne him - but counts at least 12 sons and nine daughters and 20 grandchildren.
Proud father: Nanu Ram Jogi with his youngest child, two-week-old Girija Rajkumari
Two-week-old daughter Girija Rajkumari is the latest addition to the proud father's family.
"Women love me," Mr Jogi said. "I want to have more children. I can survive another few decades and want to have children till I am 100 - then maybe I will stop."
Mr Jogi, who attributes his remarkable virility to daily walks and plenty of meat, said: "I eat all kinds of meat - rabbits, lamb, chicken and wild animals."
Mr Jogi fathered his eldest daughter, Sita Devi, in 1943. His latest wife, Saburi, who has given him seven children, was first married to his eldest son Shiv Lal, who died 10 years ago.
Speaking from the family home in a remote village in Rajasthan, she said:
"At first I didn't want to stay here after my husband died. But Nanu promised to look after me and now we have seven children."
Mr Jogi's children and grandchildren live in six houses attached to his two-storey family home.
He said: "I have a perfect life - with so many children and grandchildren all around me, it keeps me young."


Qatar has been ranked as the world's richest country per capita in a new list compiled by US-based Forbes magazine. Blessed with the third-largest natural gas reserves in the world, the Arab Gulf emirate of 1.7 million people is benefitting from a rebound in oil prices. Adjusted for purchasing power (PPP), Qatar has an estimated gross domestic product per capita of $88,222.


In second place on the list is Luxembourg, with a per capita GDP on a purchasing-power parity (PPP) basis of $81,466.


Technology, manufacturing and finance hub Singapore is ranked third on the list. The country’s GDP (PPP) per capita is $56,694 (estimated from 2009).


The world’s wealthiest countries, Forbes looked at GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power for 182 nations.At No.4, with a GDP (PPP) per capita of $51,959 (estimated from 2009) is Norway.


Oil-rich Brunei (ranked at No.5) has a GDP (PPP) per capita of $48,333.Forbes used International Monetary Fund data from 2010, the most recent available, while GDP figures for some countries were projections.

United Arab Emirates

UAE oil reserves are ranked as the world's sixth-largest[ and it possesses one of the most developed economies in West Asia. The country’s GDP (PPP) per capita is $47,439 (estimated from 2009).

United States 

With a GDP (PPP) per capita of $46,860, US is ranked at No.7 on the Forbes list.According to Forbes, the PPP-adjusted GDP—preferred by economists when making international comparisons—takes into account the relative cost of living and inflation rates, rather than just exchange rates, which may distort real differences in worth.

Hong Kong 

Hong Kong is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour. As one of the world's leading international financial centres, Hong Kong has a major capitalist service economy characterised by low taxation and free trade, and the currency, Hong Kong dollar, is the eighth most traded currency in the world. Hong Kong has a GDP (PPP) per capita of $45,944.


Switzerland is one of the richest countries in the world by per capita gross domestic product [GDP (PPP) per capita: $41,950]. It also has one of the world's largest account balances as a percentage of GDP.

The Netherlands

The Netherlands was one of the world’s first countries to have an elected parliament. And the benefits of democracy seem to be reaching its citizens. Its GDP (PPP) per capita is $40,973.


 A highly developed country, Australia is one of the world's largest economies. Australia ranks highly in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights. [GDP (PPP) per capita: $39,764]


Ireland: GDP (PPP) per capita: $39,492


 Canada has a diversified economy that is reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade. The country’s GDP (PPP) per capita is $39,171.


Kuwait has the world's fifth largest oil reserves and its petroleum products now account for around 95% of export revenues, and approximately 80% of government income. Ranked at No.15, the country’s GDP (PPP) per capita is $38,775 (estimated from 2009).

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